Mechanism

The mechanist revolution is of structural essence. It is congenital with modern science such as it was constituted starting from the end of the sixteenth century with Galileo (1564-1643), Mersenne (1588-1649), Gassendi (1592-1655), Descartes (1596-1650)… It starts with a bet on the deep rationality of reality. This rationality is identified with the transparency of the elements and the possibility to articulate ratios, in the certainty that real articulation and mathematical articulation are identical. There is thus a pragmatic agreement between rationalismand empiricism. From now on the permanent miracle becomes possible to some extent . Through the clever way that industrial revolutions will start to promote, every thing can be articulated, dis-articulated and re-articulated towards an infinitely new world. The prototype of mechanist intelligibility is the
machine.

The elder intelligibility aimed at knowing the mystery of the ontological bond of the beings and the events. It speculated on 'principles', on 'virtues', on 'forces', on 'influences', etc. supposed to tie the world in symbiotic totality. The new mechanist intelligibility does not any more apprehend the world in its ontological bonds but a universe logically structured according to mathematical ratios in a geometrical space time. It is not centred any more on the being but on the structure. From now on the being, to some extent demystified, is delivered in its nudity to infinite handling.



The epistemological and pragmatic system of the mechanism implies:

a)
A total immanence, the system being explained entirely by itself without any external influence.
b)
A perfect closing, the system being completely sufficient in itself.
c)
A reductionistic and atomistic aiming where the part wants to explain the whole and simple, the complex.
d)
A structural intelligibility which does not overflow the strict articulation, dis-articulation and re-articulation according to calculable ratios.
e
) A purely quantitative approach which, far from rejecting the qualitative one, integrates it by reducing it.

In one word, 'that' functions
without external intervention.

The world loses its 'soul'. The mechanist intelligibility is from the start on essentially imperialist. Nothing resists in front of it. In less than three centuries even the 'mystery' of life seems delivered, body and soul, to its articulation. 'Vitalism' is to some extent emptied of its substance. It loses its 'soul', the 'anima' which gives life to an 'animal', the 'anemon', this quasi immaterial force of the breath, the 'vital force', the ontological principle victorious of death... 'Life' is stripped of its mysterious specificities. Organics makes place to mechanics. Cosmic totality, once animated as a 'vital milieu', is now articulated in a geometrical space. Causality is not any more participation but simple structural articulation of measurable dimensions. Quality is eaten by quantity. Complexity can be put in equation. The 'mystery' becomes calculable.

The evanescence of the
soul leaves the matter delivered to itself. And it is the materialism
who seizes it. 'Matter' emerges only painfully from its qualitative dimensions. It needs a long time to take its distances from human feeling. It has to loose its 'affects' like 'heavy', 'dense', 'palpable', 'tangible', 'resistant', 'persistent', etc.



The concept of '
structure' becomes a cardinal concept in modern episteme who delivers any thing to articulation. In the certainty that every thing pertains to a vast combinatorial system and can be constructed and deconstructed, theoretically and pragmatically, intelligibly and effectively, in strict transparent exteriority of space and time. If you analyse matter rignt through only the concept of structure will be left, thus becoming a concept-key of modern intelligibility. Released from anthropomorphic projections, forsaking the metaphysical plan, it operates the passage from ontology to logic, from being to understandable relation, a logical, calculable, translatable ratio according to mathematical type.

For instance. Here you have water. You can describe this 'matter' (water is a colorless, odorless liquid…), it can be simply useful to you (to wash, to drink…) you can evoke it poetically in its symbolic richness (fertilizing water…) you can try to explain it while going back to increasingly small parts (made up of droplets of water, water particles…). By doing this you do not leave the tautological assertion that water is water… just affected by qualities which explain its richness for you.

Here you have H-O-H. It is same water. But so to speak in its nudity. Simple formula. Water becomes understandable. Not yet an 'essence' but a pure
structure. A simple logical ratio which translates the molecular structure of water and which delivers at the same time its law of construction. H and O are not first 'hydrogen' and 'oxygen', as if they would evoke essential or substantial 'components'. They are initially symbols like other symbols of mathematical type. No doubt these symbols are not pure abstractions and refer indeed to 'something' existing in nature where hydrogen and oxygen can be met concretely like two bodies. But this 'something' transcends the 'thing' to seek itself, beyond itself, in new formulas, in new structures.



The formula of water, H-O-H, gives the law of construction of the water molecule from elements known as 'simple' bodies, hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). All what exists materially in the vast universe, the billion and the billion compounds, they are real or simply possible, are never but 'buildings' from the 103 kinds of elements counted by modern chemistry. Such a combinative possibility is something marvellous. Thanks to it the elements, far from being closed on themselves, can enter in connection, in ratio, in synthesis of new structures. Their indefinite
combination produces the indefinite multiplicity of the concrete things existing in nature or created artificially by man.

All the bodies, all the physical beings of the universe, even the whole nature are thus like words, sentences, a gigantic text, written starting from an alphabet of 103 signs. The examination of the table of the periodic classification of the elements, successor of the table of Mendéleiev (1869) with its 92 elements then known, can bring joys close to contemplation. You understand the writing of Creation! Thus a small number of elements is sufficient to combine an infinite multiple and complex world. A few tens of elementary sounds produced by the human vocal apparatus are enough to articulate all the languages of the world. Ten numerical signs are enough to compose the infinity of numbers. The 26 letters of the Latin alphabet, plus some accents and some punctuation marks, are enough to compose all the texts (and their translations) passed, present and futures of all the humanity. About sixty keys of the keyboard of a computer… this is still a luxurious concession to the human convenience since this same keyboard transcribes for the use of the machine, which functions in 'binary', the result of these some keys with only
two
different signs which you can translate numerically by '0' and '1', logically by 'yes' and 'not', electronically by '0 V' and '+ 5 V'. Two different signs at least are necessary. But two are sufficient for all to say and all to compose.



An articulation without significance? The 'form' (idea, plan, grammar, etc.) was thought as a power of another kind which imposed its order on 'matter'. Today a terrible question emerges: Why couldn't life be just reduced to a highly complexed 'structure'? 'Matter' being supposed to generate its 'form' by itself… As if all you have to say were: give me chance and necessity... Structure makes the remainder.


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01 Human Paradox
A paradoxal animal
Human paradox
In rupture
An animal in crisis
An animal 'less' (something)
Premature and naked
Child of the difference
Child of elsewhere
 
02 Verticality
Middle and extremes
Tropism to upwards
Divine instinct
The vertical living
Vertical interiority
The personal mystery
In strict immanence
 
03 Gaping Depths
Gaping deepness
Child of gaping
Gaping on an other order
Gaping of meaning
Gaping on the questioning
Gaping of matter
Gaping of existence
In vertical gaping
Negative anthropology
 
 
04 Sacral Difference
Sacral dimension
The sacral difference
Sacral crisis
The archaeological sacred
Sacral verticality
Hiero-tropic space-time
 
05 Human Environment
Human space
Closed and open
Curvature of space
Negative space
Space of the sense
Including and included
Between Alpha and Omega
 
 
06 The Matrix of Humanity
Child of a culture
Human matrix
Culture and cultures
Master speech
Refusing the enclosures
 
07 The Spirit
The spiritual reality
How define it?
Going through
DIS-tinction
The spirit says no
Dialectics
 
08 Spiritual Breath
Breathing
Spiritual energy
Making sense
To signify
Sense is through gaping
Speech and language
Symbol
Faith
 
 
09 The Sense of Sense
The Sense
The space of the sense
The house of the sense
Including and included sense
Confinement
Master and possessor of sense
 
10 The Reason
Science
Constituted and constituent
Scientific dialectics
Bubble
Between
Structure and sense
 
11 The Meaning
Demiurge of the significances
Through
To run here and there
Mechanism
Trough articulation
Articulable matter
 
 
12 Systems Analysis
Systemics
The system
Systemic operation
Energy
Tanks
 
13 Oïkology
Impossible closing
Systemic totality
The house of the spirit
Ecology
We sinned
 
 
14 Exodus
Spiritual adventure
Out of safety measures
Out of the cave
Logos in exodus
 
15 Through Difference
Difference
Starting from difference
Crossing the duality
A logic of crossing
Chance
 
16 Dialectics
Going through 'no'
Fundamental dynamics
Dia-logos
The fourth dimension
Passover dialectics
 
17 Alliance
Broken Alliance
Rupture of the bond
The prodigal son
Atheism
State of grace
 
 
18 History
Emergence of History
Impossible totalizing
Trans-historic verticality
The sense in exodus
Between Alpha and Omega
 
19 Fertile Confrontation
Singular adventure
Dialectical gestation
Antithesis
Two revolutions
Exponents
A long gestation
Explosiveness
 
20 Progress
What is progress?
Source of The progress
Exponential acceleration
The tool of progrès
Why it isn't working
Wedged exponential growth
Progressive illusion
 
21 Schizoid
Tautological speech
Idealism
Master and possessor
Flirt with nothingness
God driven out
Without the Father
Without recourse
Psychosis
 
 
22 The Other One
Arising
The other one
Exposed
To tell the other one
 
 
23 Adventurers
Components and exponents
Adventurers of eschatology
Today
 
24 Through Scandal
Gaping mystery of evil
Trough distance
Congenital evil
Entropy in the human hearth
 
25 Agape
Gaping of Eros
Captive desire
Eros and Agape
Going down
Defeated entropy
 
 
26 God in You
Tropism for Agape
Bottomless bottom
Cleaning the sources
Let you fall
You fall into God
 
 
 
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